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Guidelines for Handloom Saris

Sarees are unique and will always have minor differences though the theme remains constant. The raw finish of these handmade saris cannot be compared with machine made. In fact this imperfection accentuates the beauty of these handmade saris.

In spite of advanced image technology, colours like red, maroon and orange have a higher tendency to reflect a different shade than other colours. A photograph or scan of a red garment, most of the times will show either as maroon or orange on the computer monitor and vice versa.

Many a times shades of green and blue overlap and the same goes for offwhite, white and cream colors.

Sea Green colour sometimes looks Aqua blue and the other way around.

Some fabrics like raw silk, khadi silk, cotton silk, south cotton, brocade etc have a textured effect where the weave and threads are visible in different directions. This is an inherent characteristic of handmade fabric and a proof of its authenticity. These are not defects. In fact, this raw finish is the beauty of these fabrics.

Wash and Care

Never Machine-wash a sari. It needs to be delicately hand washed but preferably dry cleaned. If you choose to wash the sari at home please wash a very small corner of the sari as a test for fabric and colours running (must be done for all colours on the same sari independently). After washing, one should roll it in a white towel to remove the excess moisture, and then hang dry on a padded hanger.

  • Do not wash with a detergent in the beginning.
  • Use a mild detergent after two or three plain washes. Do not keep the sari soaked in detergent for long.
  • Do not brush or lash a Silk Saree. This would lead to tearing of the silk or zari.
  • Wash (Pallu) Mundi and Border separately in the beginning.
  • Do not bundle it or keep it wet for a long time.
  • In case of stains, wash with cold water immediately.
  • For hard stains, get the Sari Dry Cleaned.
  • Do not bundle the wet sari along with other garments liable to cause staining.
  • While ironing, keep the iron in medium or low heat.
  • It is recommended to iron the sari between two pieces of white cloth. It is not recommended to wet the sari prior to ironing or to use a steam iron.
  • Store the Sari in a cool dry place. Do not store silks with zari/metal yarns in plastics, plastics react with and turn the zari dark. Zari will also oxidise if in contact with humid air, they are best protected in cotton lined boxes or covers.
  • Only pre-washed silk is washable. Read the label!
  • Dry cleaning is generally preferred, since laundering detergent and dyes in other clothes may adversely affect silk fabric.
  • For washable silk, follow the care instructions carefully.
  • For saris without embellishments attached, careful hand washing is permissible, with mild detergent and lukewarm water.
  • Chlorine bleach should never be used on silk as it damages the silk and causes it to yellow.
  • For long-time storage, silk should be sealed against light, air and insects, storing the silk rolled on a cardboard pipe will prevent creases and hence also prevent the silk from getting cut due to cracking.
  • For specific instructions, you can always refer to the garment's sewn-in care label.
 

Techniques to remove Stain

Stained silk sarees should be dry-cleaned as soon as possible. Dyes and sizing’s tend to discolour with moisture. Therefore attempting to remove stains with water is not recommended without first testing the silk for colourfastness. It is difficult to remove a concentrated food or beverage stain. Scrubbing or pressing could ruin the fabric.

  • Grease Stains: stains caused by oils, butter, margarine, crayon, medicines and oil-based cosmetics. Dabbing on talc immediately will lift the stain. After brushing off the talc, a stain remover can be applied and the silk fabric should then be washed in lukewarm water.
  • Nail polish Stain: This can to be treated by rubbing acetone on the area.
  • Lipstick Stains: First  use Dry-cleaning fluids and then washing in soap water used to remove lipstick stains.
  • Protein Stains: These stains include blood, deodorant, egg, meat juices and perspiration. To clear such stains, first apply detergent to the garment. Then it should be soaked in cool water and laundered. In case of persistent stains, try rubbing a mixture with few drops of Nh2 with hydrogen peroxide.
  • Combination Stains: These stains include chocolate, gravy, ice cream and milk. First a dry-clean solvent should be applied and then dried. The protein part of the stain supplement can be removed by applying liquid detergent and rinsing with cool water. Then after using a prewash stain remover, wash silk fabric in lukewarm water.